Orthodox Outlet for Dogmatic Enquiries





By  Fr. Hierotheos Vlachos

Source:   https://orthodoxia.info/news/ta-dyo-fyla-oi-sexoyalikoi-prosana/


* "Everything is allowed to me, but not everything is beneficial to me"  (! Cor.6:12)



The Church converses with the world, the people - those both near and far, about their concerns and their problems – but only from within Her theology, which is comprised of the consensus patrum - that is, the common agreement amongst all the Fathers which has been formulated Synodically, but also keeping in mind the Scientific information of our time. Therefore it is not about arbitrary and individual interpretations by each and every individual.

One of the prominent issues discussed especially nowadays is the topic of homosexuality, and we are pressed every time by those who ask, to express the Church's pertinent teaching.

However, this subject happens to be both simple and multi-faceted. It is simple, because when referring to “mankind”, during Creation it was fashioned with two genders: male and female. And it is multi-faceted, because many and varied are the sexual orientations that have now made their appearance, because of vices (passions) and deviations in the movements of people's spiritual and corporeal energies.

On the part of biology, we know that in the human body there are somatic cells (of the body) and genetic cells (of reproduction). The genetic cells by which biological life is transferred from generation to generation arise through the process of meiosis (reduction). In amphigenic reproduction with fertilization and subsequent cell divisions, with the process of mitosis (prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase) a new DNA is created (23 chromosomes from the father and 23 from the mother), which - with the chromosomes, genes, hormones, glands, organs – all determine the gender, in an amazing process.

Thus, the biological configuration of a person’s gender is one thing, as it occurs immediately upon conception and develops in compliance with the chromosomes, genes and hormones that exist, and also develops the respective organs (with the exception of occasional genetic aberrations); but gender identity, which takes place around the age of three is another thing, as is “gender dysphoria”, which follows after the aforementioned points.

This indicates that gender identity and gender dysphoria are attributable to psychological, intra-familial and social factors, given that a very small percentage can be attributable to genetic changes.

The Pastors of the Church, who are knowledgeable both in theology and the biological-psychological and social impacts on people, are called upon to pastorally help all persons with the issues that preoccupy them. The work of the Church is pastoral, therapeutic, and not prosecutorial. They practice pastoral care for both the catechized and the faithful, for the unwed and the wed, for God believers and atheists, and for heterosexuals and homosexuals.

The Church is a pastoral clinic that heals people, so that their mental and physical powers can act positively and not negatively. As mentioned above, every person may have various 'sexual orientations' depending on their predisposition and the influences they have embraced from the environment; however, everyone should respect society as a whole, and not provoke it in any arrogant manner.

Everyone is free to make choices*, but they should not seek to impose them as models/ideals on all of society; instead, they should preferably abide by the rule as seen in the 'Declaration of the Rights of Man' (1789, Article 4) which states:


4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law'.

But the State is also obliged to know that Aristotle in his work 'ETHIKA NIKOMACHEA' (Nichomachean Ethics), having determined that virtue is the middle ground between excess and deficiency, writes that the legislator acts pedagogically through the law.

This means the laws that are instituted should not simply satisfy the arbitrary choices of each and every person, but instead contribute pedagogically, both for the development and the upgrading of the whole of society and for each individual person.

It is of course understood that the State must institute laws which also respect the uniqueness of our country’s Tradition.


 Article pulished in the newspaper «ΤΑ ΝΕΑ» -edition dated Wednesday, 29th of November 2023.




Translation:  A.N.

Article created:   10-12-2023
Last update:   10-12-2023